In the course of our lives, the skin presents a series of changes and modifications that are influenced by hormonal, nutritional, environmental states, among others, which can vary and affect the quality and condition of the skin throughout the body.
During pregnancy, the woman presents a series of adaptive changes as a consequence of pregnancy. Among these changes are:
- Greater fluid retention
- Tendency to hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin
- Increased progesterone
- Greater relaxation of the ligaments
As a consequence of these modifications, which are normal, there may be some changes in the skin, such as:
Due to the elongation of the skin and the breakdown of collagen fibers, to prevent them it is recommended to avoid excessive weight gain during pregnancy, meet the necessary nutritional protein requirements, hydrate properly, apply lotions and moisturizers to avoid dryness.
Chloasma or hyperpigmentation of the skin:
Yellowish or brown spots around the eyes, cheeks and nose. To prevent this hyperpigmentation, sun protection is recommended in photo-exposed areas such as the face. In most cases they disappear spontaneously with the passage of time.
Appearance of the linea alba or nigra in the abdomen, nipples and genital areas:
The linea alba is a vertical line in the lower part of the abdomen. It is reversible, postpartum hyperpigmentation fades.
Nails and hair:
They can also present some changes, in certain cases the nails grow and are stronger, as well as the hair becomes silkier and healthier, this improvement is probably due to the hormonal change and increase in progesterone. Postpartum and during lactation there tends to be more hair loss that normalizes over time.
Fluid retention and increased blood volume:
There may be an increase in volume in the ankles.
Appearance of varicose veins:
Hormonal changes generate venous dilation in the legs and genital areas, even hemorrhoids may appear, this is due to the increase in size in the uterus and compression on the pelvis. It is recommended to avoid constipation, do physical activity and avoid sitting or standing for a long time, movement is key, not wearing tight clothing.
To maintain good skin health during pregnancy it is recommended:
- Have a correct intake of fluids, do not become dehydrated.
- Apply moisturizing creams to the body, abdomen and extremities.
- Have a correct, varied diet, rich in fibers, proteins and essential oils.
- Avoid excessive weight gain, perform physical activity according to the recommendations of your treating physician.
- Avoid excess stress, seek pleasant and relaxing activities.
- Have a good night's rest.
- Supplement with vitamins such as folic acid, Omega 3 and others if necessary, according to medical recommendation.
Pregnancy is a unique stage in each woman, you have to take care of yourself and enjoy waiting for a new baby.